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Acetonitrile and its applications
Acetonitrile specifications
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Acetonitrile and its applications




Synthetic acetonitrile

Cas NO:







Physical properties:

Colorless and transparent liquid with slight but characteristic odor, melting point : -45 ℃, boiling point: 82 ℃, relative density: 0.786(25℃, 100kPa), refractive index: 1.3441, flash point: 6 ℃. It is toxic, flammable. There is bright flame when burning. Soluble in water, methanol, methyl acetate, acetone, ethyl ether, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride and vinyl chloride.

Quality standard

Industry standard (SH/T1627.1-1996),
Zhonghui  Chemical company standard (ZH/S01.1-2013)

Safety information

Handling: Keep locked up. Keep away from heat. Keep away from sources of ignition. Ground all equipment containing material. Do not ingest. Do not breathe gas/vapor/spray. Wear suitable protective clothing. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. If ingested, seek medical additive immediately and show the container or the label. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, reducing agents, acids, alkalis, and moisture.
Storage: Store in a segregated and approved area. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilate area. Keep container tightly closed and sealed until ready for use. Avoid all possible sources of ignition (spark or flame). Do not store above 23℃(73.4℉).

Main application:

Acetonitrile can be used as solvent in many applications. Such as solvents of extracting butadiene, synthetic fibers and some special paint. Used in the oil industry to remove tar and phenol from petroleum hydrocarbons. It can be used as solvent of extracting fatty acid from animal and plant oil in the opportunity industry, reaction medium of recrystallization of steroidal medicine in medicine industry. It also can work as the intermediates of medicine (vitamin B1) and spices, raw materials of thiazine nitrogen fertilizer synergist, denaturant of alcohol. Besides, it can be used for synthesizing ethylamine and acetic acid, in textile dyeing industry and electronic industry. Acetonitrile is also the flow solvent used in analytical equipment like HPLC.

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